Robin Broad and John Cavanagh dive into the middle of the central challenges of Third World development that have bedeviled academics and policymakers alike: what should be the goal of development and what are the best means to achieve it? They do so by inviting readers on a journey through the rise and fall of the one-size-fits-all model of development that richer nations began imposing on poorer ones three decades ago. That model called the Washington Consensus by its backers and neoliberalism or market fundamentalism by its critics placed enormous power in markets to solve the problems of the poor. The book provides a key foundation for understanding how this model led to the current global economic meltdown, and why more trade and more aid are not the answer. Broad and Cavanagh guide us through the raging debates over the best routes to development for the poorer nations of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. The authors have stood at the epicenter of these debates from their perches in the United Nations, the U.S. government, academia, and civil society. They lead us back in time to understand why the Washington Consensus dominated for so long, and how it devastated workers, the environment, and the poor. At the same time, they chart the rise of an alter-globalization movement of those adversely affected by market fundamentalism. Today, this movement is putting alternatives into action across the globe, and what constitutes development is being redefined. As the authors present this dramatic confrontation of paradigms, they bring into question the entire conventional notion of development, and offer readers a new lens through which to view the way forward for poorer nations and poorer people. This brief history of development provides the context to understand the contemporary global crises of finance, food, and climate.Read an article on the World Bank by Robin Broad and John Cavanagh in the "Modesto Bee" at World Bank Article. Read a piece on Swear Off 'Market Fundamentalism' by the authors in the "Seattle Post-Intelligencer.""Development Redefined" was featured in an oped in "The Guardian" in the UK: Guardian oped.
About the Author
Robin Broad is a resident associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and an international affairs fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations.
John Cavanagh directs the Institute for Policy Studies. This husband and wife team traveled from Geneva to the rural Philippines to Washington D.C., to write this book as well as their award-winning "Plundering Paradise: The Struggle for the Environment in the Philippines."